July 1 2003
The Pentagon used potentially dangerous chemical and biological agents in 50 secret tests involving US military personnel in a decade-long project to measure the weapons’ combat capabilities, according to Pentagon findings.
The tests were done between 1962 and 1973 and involved 5,842 service members. Many were not told of the tests, some of which involved releases of deadly nerve agents in Alaska and Hawaii.
The information released today disclosed eight new tests that primarily used non-lethal bacteria and in some cases caustic chemicals. It revealed for the first time experiments to find ways to use submarines to distribute biological weapons.
“Project 112” and “Project SHAD” were developed in 1961 to study the combat uses of biological and chemical weapons and methods to protect American troops from such attacks. Initially it was believed that only simulated agents were used, but last year the Defence Department admitted for the…
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